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WWL>Topics>>5-12 11:10am Think Tank: Antibiotics and Super Bugs

5-12 11:10am Think Tank: Antibiotics and Super Bugs

May 12, 2014|

Garland talks to Dr. Fred Lopez from LSU Health Sciences Center for Infectious Diseases about super bugs and ineffective antibiotics.

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Automatically Generated Transcript (may not be 100% accurate)

Well the one doing this. Eight years of sitting -- this year in this draw taught me. What I think I know. You usually. Wrong totally partially wrong -- actually wrong. -- who knows me and you and everybody else when you read something here something. Watched them. Through check it. And end. Getting you the truth -- climbing aboard real and who is always very difficult. A good example we have book. The Nextel organ as usual but grow local news people article likely was about a week or more ago. That said the general Kennedy's paid detail office the -- -- that was ordered by currents and agree but the Justice Department. That office. Could be in 700000. Dollars in debt. By the end of the year. And -- -- show on the book the big city of mourners hold because they said. The story which will hold some responds -- him. Try to corrected. Or incorrect -- now itself. Both for this -- the language arts to it blows. Artist sitting in my studio and our -- this headline in and -- ego oh goodness that's unbelievable -- ago. Let me talk to asthma experts -- -- in the evening to. This one. -- arrogant and got that from accordion a -- England. Its news. Antibiotic. Writes it's bigger than eighties. Of common infections. Will kill lots. And they said this. Is coming from the World Health Organization. And detailed it's a child's coach Croats and the you could hundred pictures in many -- journalist elderly. And you could because anabolic effects. Or no longer working the way very have been in particular. On -- So the better and then it -- there's anything to be concerned about. We called doctor Brook Lopez who agreed to octaves infectious disease -- health sciences and Cutler welcome back to ensure appreciated on missile. -- I'll look forward to it so the judgment retention so into some some of the -- week. Now I think you'd say it's an important issue and even though it's gotten recent. Atlantis the World Health Organization founded this salon. On a global. Scenario. The reality is the CDC did the same and the fall of last year in September of 2013. It provided. A snapshot. Of the burden and threat posed by these -- democratic resistance. Bacteria that have the most impact on human health and and that document. They actually for the first time categorize. These threats into urgent serious. And concerning level would hand. Many of the same. Bacteria mentioned in the WHO report. -- bacteria that were reported in this CDC's report that was much more centered in the United States. Those urgent bacteria. Recognized that the CDC consisted of three. Drug resistant gonorrhea infections. Clustered -- that the -- infections which are a certain type of intestinal infection that's created by the use of antibiotics. And the third is. Particulate type of bacteria that's become resistant to even the most. To even our strongest antibiotics and it goes under the acronym that's the irony which refers to -- the -- resistance and throwback to -- -- And these kinds of bacteria can cause urinary tract infections and bloodstream infections and we -- losing. The battle against these types of bacteria respects to. Antibiotic development. Those three just pointed out somebody begins as suffer from those. He is or anything security. -- The -- spirited. But it's becoming. A smaller and smaller number of antibiotics in some of these antibiotics and by frequent -- that we haven't used in a long time. And we're bringing them back because there cannot -- of last resort so for example that last group -- mentioned the CRE bacteria. And we are using drugs like -- in which is attractive really an about it definitely hadn't been used commonly in years. Where are now using it for fighting infections with that type of bacteria. The got a couple inspections that was saying. Have become such a concern. And other countries and end here that the CDC actually had to update. It's 2010. Recommendations for sexually transmitted diseases. In 2012. Two -- update or treatment in this country of gonorrhea because one of the first line agents was becoming. Increasingly effective against that gonorrhea being seen in this country so it had to be removed as the first line agent. And then lastly the clustered into the sealant section that mentioned which really created by using antibiotics. This bacteria called the clustered into the field that. Growth in disproportionate amounts in the intents and produces the toxin which causes the serious stuff real section. And that result -- about 200 and that's 50000. Hospital patients in this country each year. At about 141000 people die each year that infection and so we do have some antibiotics to treat this infection. But we don't have many and we're seeing more serious cases in an increasing number of cases. Aren't -- Olympic break here in the funeral mom whom conduct. A went through I think most of the world the World Health Organization. It's Dudley. And and pulled out a number of things that they said a more liberal than those shoes to come true we and that they are. What can be done if you just joined us we're talking to a doctor about what men he described in the medical community. Has been anti Limbaugh Arctic. Crisis worldwide and where the use of and the body anabolic. Joseph certainly getting the results they use to do. And there's deep concern and I mean stop being affected in large part. Coming right back double BO -- of questions we would actually -- book -- through the solution here and everybody I talked to -- and on antibiotics. -- you. 26018. Itself a bit overblown during the eight years that you this year. In this dawn on me. What I think I know. You usually. Wrong totally partially wrong relief actually wrong. Henri who knows me and you and everybody else when you read something here something. Watched them. Through check it out. And and getting you the truth and climbing aboard -- -- who is always very difficult. Good example we have book. And excel organ as usual but grow local newspaper poll article likely was about a week or more ago. That said the general Kennedy's paid detail office the mule is that was ordered by currents and agree but the Justice Department. That office. Could be in 700000. Dollars in debt by the end of the year. And we're gonna show on the -- of the big city mourners hold because they said. The the story was full of holes in response and try to corrected it or incorrect -- now itself. Both for this -- the language arts to it blows. Artist sitting in my studio and our bread this headline in and immediately ego oh goodness that's unbelievable. Ago. Let me talk to asthma experts to presenting to. This one it's we're -- -- -- -- from accordion a book England. Is it says news. Antibiotic. Writes it's bigger than eighties. Of common infections. Will kill lots. And they said this. Is coming from the World Health Organization. And detailed its chiles could scratch the you could elaborate connections. Maybe your Jewish elderly. And you could go because and robotics. Or no longer working the way very have been in particular. On -- So the veteran then -- shooters anything to be concerned about. A week called doctor Fred Lopez who agreed to octaves infectious disease pollution health sciences and Cutler welcome back to ensure appreciated to muzzle it. -- look forward to it so the judge resolution so into this and so -- -- between now I think it's it's an important issue and. Even though it's gotten recent headlines -- the world health organization's sounded this salon. On a global. Scenario. The reality is the CDC did the same in the fall last year in September of 2013. He provided. A snapshot. Of the burden and threat posed by these in diabetic resistant. Bacteria that have the most impact on human health and and that document. They actually for the first time categorize. These threats in two urgent serious. And concerning level would hand. Many of the same. Bacteria mentioned in the WHO report. -- bacteria that were reported in this CDC's report that was much more centered in the United States. Those urgent bacteria. Recognized by the CDC consisted of three. Drug resistant gonorrhea infections. Clustered -- that the deal infections which are a certain type of intestinal infection that's created by the use of antibiotics. And the third is. A particular type of bacteria that's become resistant to even the most. To even our strongest antibiotics and -- -- goes under the acronym that's the irony which refers to -- but Adam resistant and throwback to reach -- and these kinds of bacteria can cause urinary tract infections and bloodstream infections and we -- losing. The battle against these types of bacteria respects to. Antibiotic developed. Those three just pointed out somebody begins -- suffer from those. His or anything to -- -- The -- spirited. But it's becoming. A smaller and smaller number of antibiotics in some of these antibiotics and by -- quite honestly we haven't used in a long time. And we're bringing them back because there -- -- six of last resort so for example that last group that I mentioned to see -- bacteria. And we -- using drugs like Callista and which is attractive really antibiotic -- -- hadn't been used commonly in years. We're now using it for fighting infections with that type of bacteria. The got a couple inspections that would saying. Have become such a concern. And other countries and end here that the CDC actually had to update. It's 2010. Recommendations for sexually transmitted diseases. In 2012. I'm too update or treatment in this country of gonorrhea because one of the first line agents was becoming. Increasingly effective against the gonorrhea being seen in this country so it had to be removed as the first line agent. And then lastly the clustered into the sealant section that mentioned which really created by using antibiotics. This bacteria called the clustered into the -- that. Grows in disproportionate amounts in the intents and produce that the toxin which causes the serious stuff real action. And that results -- about 200 and 50000. Hospitalizations in this country each year. At about 141000 people die each year that inspection and so we do have some antibiotics to treat this infection. But we don't have many and we're seeing more serious cases in an increasing number of cases. Are -- limited break -- the funeral mom whom come back. A -- through I think most of the world the World Health Organization. It's -- Then and pulled out a number of things that they said the more liberal pastors to to improve and that they are. What can be done short if you just joined us we're talking to a doctor about. Morton and he just arrived in the medical community. -- been and -- Arctic prices worldwide. Where abuse suit and a body and Obama. Just certainly getting the results they use it. And there's deep concern and they mean stop being effective and launch for. Come right back over a billion questions -- -- actually -- book sweep through the solution here and everybody I talk to lose and on anabolic. -- you 260187. Nothing good about the prevalence -- apparently. Paying. Kinda doubt it when you -- -- through the media would be reviewed told troops newspapers -- and exaggerating a little bit got a little put -- -- thing in there argued could read or watch it by -- of this turbulent and robotic prices bigger then eighties. And column and affection infections will love. Possibly -- -- putrid this from the World Health Organization. Talked about -- Sunnis and bladder infections and just elderly. Problems. Could kill us in the future because of a robot that true or losing. Their power of withers who does coaches were booked for a loop -- pictures disease -- hopes audiences sooner. Doctor -- when they say. The prices and bigger and more urgent than aids epidemic of the 1980s. Is that that accurate. If you just look at the numbers. Than for example in this country. They're about 56000. New HIV infections and required each year in this country. In terms of antibiotic resistant infections in this country two million a year. And 23000 deaths so if you look at just the numbers absolutely. Antibiotic resistance. And the factions driven by antibiotic resistance are big big. Issue and that's why again the World Health Organization has highlighting this problem its -- CDC -- -- this problem and the fault 2013. As you'd really been thirty years have we since we've had in the -- types have been about. For certain types of bacteria yet. So for does urinary tract infections you were mentioning in particular does the art he organisms and mentioned in the last segment. There. Those -- to that Q Richard known as grand negative bacteria we don't have any classes that have been developed in the -- and that amount of time. I'm in fact. Antibiotic production has really declined in recent years while the incidence of these drug resistant. Bacteria has increased. An and I. If you can understand why. Most infections are treated with short courses of antibiotics. Can fourteen day course. The incentive for drug companies to put in a lot of money for research and development. Enough for a drug that's used for very short period of time paled in comparison to incentives. To develop the drugs that you take for a lifetime Micah cholesterol agent you know it takes. -- anti collapsed violations for the rest you know like that's where the money is that the drug companies and so. We as a country need to recognize that this is a big public health issue and incentivize. Antibiotic drug development. For a company. And that's going to be a big part of looking to the future. Has antibiotic resistance becomes an increasingly big bigger problem. We bring your student civil bonds and drug company of I've had the companies on. And we told -- just about under Mubarak's grip but primarily all of their basic drugs and is the usual drugs and that kind of thing. That we're seeing shortages and they said look the bottom line is. For every drug Lotta time to causes of billion dollars to develop that. Then if we miss something we can get your pants sued off reputation ruined. You know it it doesn't benefit us very much to put a billion dollars and is something that possibly doesn't work war. Like you say you Jewish used in very short increments. When will we see in several bonds does that mean me with his tax -- Pay more money to give to them for -- I think that we'd need. -- has as a country need to consider the future antibiotic resistance which is that it is only going to increase every time we use an antibiotic. We increase the pressure that these bacteria. To become resistant to the -- about survival of the service and -- -- smarter than our drug -- and if we don't develop more antibiotics by making it. Appealing to companies. We're gonna find ourselves and some big problems they've already seen probably -- European summit. Headlines there's some people consider almost in the post antibiotic era the idea being that -- about politics. Are really no longer effective against some of these bacteria. And although not exactly true. We we do have some bacteria for which we only have a very small number of spectrum antibiotics that are effective. Bit direct quote promo world held organization. Director General for health security group quote. Or from being an apocalyptic. Fantasy. Isn't said a very real possibility. For the near term in this century. It's a little bit of hyperbole. I don't think so I think first certain types of bacteria that we are getting very close to saying. Certain ones that are going to be untreatable by our current arsenal of antibiotics and and so. Certainly this. Certain societies in this country including Infectious Diseases Society of America which I'm just trying to increase the number of antibiotics to they have a campaign slogan to create. Can -- types of antibiotics by the year 20/20. Sounding the alarm on what is really did -- issue not just in this country but worldwide. And it's interesting you know we do shows on energy. And somebody took what we need to start digging moral win you sort of role immoral we need to fund more -- always film with the big companies not talk to. So it's great idea -- 35 or more likely seven years how. And we don't know we're gonna hit oil and take so long. -- the bureau. To get the product and then you go to fund out of you actually have found the product. If if tomorrow role of the White House to the American people walk up and said. Wow a lost a loved one because. About it didn't work we can do something. We talked about what can we turn this -- run amongst leaders that it. All I don't think it's going to be months I think we're talking about years consisted. The time to develop and -- it is similar to the time to discover new. Energy sources that resellers that development. And then the testing. In order to make sure that it's -- it's something that. Takes takes time. And acting you know the government has certainly attuned to this issue is creating some programs in order to. Make finding part of an initiative to produce to come -- antibiotic resistance is. 2015 president's budget that's requesting. Thirty million dollars of annual funding for five years to begin to address this. But again this is gonna take time this is not something that's gonna go away overnight. And it did develop overnight. These bacteria are Smart and ever since we developed an -- decades ago. They've been getting smarter and smarter and has penicillin that involved and other types of antibiotics. These bacteria continue to find ways to develop resistance mechanisms against. The efficacy of these antibiotics. That we need to keep fighting to did that keep pushing to develop. New antibiotics and it's just not bacteria we're talking about irises were talking about fungi. We are going to have to continue to develop new types of agents to address the new -- resistance mechanisms that would say. Doctor drug get the feeling will probably be doing ball -- to disorder or too important to do one time love to get back on that time thank you much for the time we know this. Fred Lopez and pictures as these.

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